Food Poisoning Symptoms
Food Poisoning Symptoms
More than 76 million persons in the United States become ill from the food they eat and over 5000 will die every year from food poisoning. Uncooked or undercooked foods (meat, eggs or fish) and improper cleaning and washing of fruits and vegetables are the main causes of food poisoning.
The reason for Food Poisoning symptoms
The underlying cause of food poisoning is the presence of large amounts bacteria in food. The most common are Staphylococcus ( found in salad dressing, ham, eggs, custard-filled pastries, mayonnaise, and potato salad), Salmonella ( found in poultry, beef, eggs, or dairy products) or E. coli (found in undercooked hamburger, unpasteurized apple juice or cider, raw milk, contaminated water (or ice), vegetables fertilized by cow manure)
Symptoms of Food Poisoning
The symptoms of food poisoning vary with the source and severity of contamination and usually manifest within a few hours of consuming contaminated food. The general symptoms can include one of more of the following:
Fever that lasts longer than 24 hours
Diarrhea (Bloody diarrhea or pus in the stool)
Dizziness and/ or fainting,
Rapid heart rate
Numbness or tingling in the arms, legs or mouth
Most food poisoning symptoms will resolve themselves on their own in a few days. You should seek medical attention if:
The symptoms of food poisoning last for more than two days of if there is a persistent fever with or without shivers or chills.
There is extremely watery diarrhea
There is blood pus or mucus (whitish-gray in color) mixed in with the stools
There are symptoms of dehydration — excessive thirst, dry mouth, little or no urination, severe weakness, dizziness or lightheadedness
There is anyone else in your family is also sick with similar symptoms.
Fluids and electrolytes and lost from vomiting and diarrhea should be replaced by drinking clear liquids or diluted energy drinks such as Gatorade or Powerade. If medical attention is necessary, a doctor may prescribe medication to treat the fever, vomiting or diarrhea.
Tips to Prevent Food Poisoning
1.Use purified or bottled water
2.Practice proper hygiene (thoroughly washing hands) when coming into contact with food
3.Workers in the food industry should use masks, cap and gloves during cooking and serving.
4.Sick individuals should not handle food
5.Kitchen and other food preparation surfaces should be kept clean
6.Utensils should be washed with soap and hot water.
7.Food that has been prepared should not be kept at room temperature for prolonged periods of time.
8.All food materials should be kept in closed containers.
9.Fruits and Vegetables should be properly washed
10.Meat should be fresh and should be purchased from butcher or market
11.Do not consume foods that passed their expiration or “use by” date